Antofagasta was also used as a loading port for the chilean nitrate.
Capital of the North province (218.800 inhabitants in 1990), she has been founded by the chileans in 1870 to exploit the nitrates of the Atacama desert, then she came under the bolivian administration.
Her occupation by the bolivian troops started the Pacific war in 1879. After the war, the city returned under chilean administration.
She depended on the mining exports (nitrate and copper) but she also developped foundries and steel works.
Backed on the desert hills, she has a sweet but very dry climat, the water is extracted from the San Pedro river... 451 km away.
The North University is established there since 1956. The city is served by the Pan-American motorway.
It seems that the Pamir made a stop over there, probably in 1928, en route for Iquique ().
Pamir leaving San Antonio, near Valparaíso,
for Antofagasta, probably in 1929
The chilean nitrate
The voyages of the Pamir
The harbours of the Pamir