Antwerp (in dutch Antwerpen), is a large harbor in Belgium, on the left bank of the Scheldt, concentrating one tenth of the country's industrial
power (refinerie and petrochemistry, automotive industry, food, diamant cutting, etc.). About 470 000 inhab. (800 000 in the agglomeration).
Economic capital of the Western world in the XV th century, Antwerp was dethroned by Amsterdam in the XVII th. Due to her strategic importance she was the stake of many battles.
She knew another expansion after 1833, when she became the main harbor of the young kingdom of Belgium. She was occupied by the germans in 1914 and 1940.
Large gothic cathedral with seven naves and a tower 123 m high, built from 1350 to circa 1530 (Rubens masterpieces). Gothic churches. On the Grote Markt, merchant guild houses and monumental City Hall by C. Floris de Vriendt (1565). Baroque churches of St Augustin and St Charles Borromée (beginning of XVII th).
Main museums : Royal Arts, flemish school from the XV th to the XX th centuries ; Archeology and Applied Arts ; Mayer Van den Bergh (sculptures, miniatures, paintings, drawings) ; Rubens House ; Maritime ; Sculpture of the XX th century.
The Pamir put there before the First World War ( ), in 1948 (), in 1951 (), waiting to be scrapped, in 1952 ( ), and in december 1956 (), bound for Montevideo.
The Pamir at Anvers, 11/1956
The voyages of the Pamir
The harbors of the Pamir